|English pages||Megaliths: General information|
|General info > Appearance - Age - Function - Civilization - Funnel Beaker|
The impulse for the megalithic civilization came probably after the glacier icecaps melted, when Europe became warmer.
No uniform unity
Research showed that we might not
see megalithic civilization as a uniform unity. Probably there
where several cultures whit some common elements. Possible they
had a common religion that bounded different groups.
The oldest standing stones where probably erected before
agriculture came to Europe (Mesolithic)
The big monuments, like Newgrange (Ireland) and Silbury Hill (G.B.)l, where built a few centuries later. These monuments reveal a high level of organization and cooperation.
Few traces where found of megalith builders and their way of life. Probably they lived in wooden houses or huts.
It is remarkable no traces of housing where found near the artificial "Silbury Hill" near Avebury (G.B.). Although many people should have been involved by the construction of giant project.
Silbury Hill, the biggest artificial prehistoric hill in Europe is about 40-metres high, whit a diameter about 180-metres. The hill, raised between 2400 B.C. and 2000 B.C., didn't showed its secrets yet, the purpose of this amazing construction remains a mystery...
Recent excavations in and round the "Durrington Walls" near Stonehenge uncovered the fundaments of stone buildings!
In Skara Brea, on Orkney (G.B.), are the well-preserved remains of the oldest European stone houses (+- 3200 B.C.). These houses have beds and 'dressers' made in stone; wood was rare on the Orkney Isles. These stone furniture shows that the wooden houses in the rest of Britain probably also had furniture, but made in wood.
Kitchen equipment included pottery, wooden tools and reed wickerwork. Also bones where used.
Megalith builder's tools
Remarkably this civilization had no hard metal tools. They used stone tools to shape megaliths and for other work. They knew how to use their 'primitive' tools to shape and decorate the hardest stones (granite).
The necessary tools where mined in flint mines, the first 'industry'. They where traded over great distances.
No written language
Most probably megalith builders had no written language, no
traces where found jet. Their complex knowledge about astronomy
and architecture must have been educated oral.
Maritime shipping in the Neolithic time
Megaliths existing on many isles prove megalith builders also where good seaman not afraid of dangerous seas. Their astronomical knowledge must have been very useful for navigating.
Megalith builder's thesis
The remarkable and unique construction at Stonehenge can be seen as the megalith builder's 'thesis'. Possible they had some help from new emigrants, people who brought the 'Beaker Culture' and new other visions...
It can be interesting to compare the "Megalithic Civilization", witch existed about 2500 year, with our Western Civilization. We can pose Western Civilization began about 2500 year ago in Greece; where new political systems came into existence and philosophy flourished; this give about the same length in time as the megalithic period.
Those who are informed about our history can imagine a vision of the 2500 years existence of Western Civilization. Plato and old Athena are very far in time for us, since that time lots of things happened and changed...
When we look at the Megalithic Civilization we have to imagine it also
existed during more than 2500 years.
"The" Western Civilization has knew different cultures and
different periods. Also "Megalithic Civilizations" knew different
cultures, like the Funnel Beaker Culture. Many indications where found
Megalithic Civilization also saw changing in religious
systems. Though our vision on the Megalithic Civilizations is
incomplete, future archaeological investigations will bring more information and
date, our ideas shall change in time